Pathanamthitta is a large town and a municipality situated in the central Travancore region in the state of Kerala, south India. It is the administrative capital of Pathanamthitta district. The city has a population of 38,000. The Hindu pilgrim centre of Sabarimala is situated in the Pathanamthitta district; as the main transport hub to Sabarimala, the town is known as the 'Pilgrim Capital of Kerala'. Pathanamthitta is a fast-developing city and business center.
EtymologyThere are different versions on how the name Pathanamthitta came about. One view is that the name is derived from two Malayalam words Pathanam and thitta, which together mean "array of ten "family" houses by the riverside". Another opinion is that is pattanam (town) which became 'pathanam'. Thus, Pathanamthitta meant a town by the riverside.
Pathanamthitta city is located on the fertile banks of the River Achenkovil.
GeographyPathanamthitta has an average elevation of 18 metres (62 ft) above sea level.
Main Eastern Highway (Punalur-Pathanamthitta-Muvattupuzha Road/SH-08) and T.K.Road (Thiruvalla-Pathanamthitta-Kumbazha Road/SH-07) pass through Pathanamthitta.
- Major townships around Pathanamthitta
Pathanamthitta experiences three distinct seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. Typical summer months are from March to May. The warmest month in Pathanamthitta is April. Although summer doesn't end until May, the city often receives locally developed heavy thundershowers in May (although humidity remains high).
The monsoon lasts from June to August, with moderate rainfall. Most of the heavy rainfall in the city fall between June and July, and June is the wettest month of the year. Last weeks of June is also days of floods. The three major rivers viz Pampa, Achankovil and Manimala swell with rainwater.
Winter begins in December. December through February are the winter months. The lowest temperatures are experienced during January.
AirThiruvananthapuram International Airport (113 km) and Cochin International Airport, at Nedumbassery, Kochi (142 km) are the nearest airports. The proposed Aranmula international Airport is just 14 km from Pathanamthitta.
RailTiruvalla (Code: TRVL) (30 km) is the only Railway Station in the District. Chengannur (26 km) in the Alleppey Dist. is the nearest Railway station. Direct Bus services to Pathanamthitta are operated from Tiruvalla and Chengannur. Tiruvalla and Chengannur Private Bus Stands are located near the Railway Stations. The proposed Angamaly - Erumely - Punalur and Tiruvalla - Ranni- Punalur Railway lines pass through Pathanamthitta district.
RoadPathanamthitta is the meeting point of two major State Highways T.K.Road (SH - 07) and Main Eastern Highway ( Punalur-Muvattupuzha Road / SH - 08 ). The city is well connected to major towns and cities inside and outside Kerala by the State run K.S.R.T.C and private buses as well as Luxury Services. Both the KSRTC and private buses play equal roles in satisfying the transportation needs of the town. The cities of Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Thrissur etc. are connected by KSRTC services whereas hi-range townships like Punalur, Kumali, Pala and the Malabar Area of Northern Kerala are connected by private bus services. Plenty of A/C Luxury Bus services are operated from Pathanamthitta to Bangalore, Chennai, Mangalore and Mumbai on a daily basis.
Culture zonePlaces around Pathanamthitta city within a distance of 15 km include Kadammanitta, Vazhamuttom, Pandalam, Manjinikara, Omallur, Malayalappuzha, Kodumthara, Muloor Smarakam, Kodumon, Ayroor Cherukolpuzha, Kaipattoor, Mylapra, Thumpamon, Maroor, Pramadom, Konni and Valamchuzhy. The places beyond these are Nilackal, Parumala,and Maramon. Pathanamthitta city lies on the road route to the pilgrim town of Sabarimala, which is 65 km away. The famous Chettikulangara temple, at Mavelikkara is about 35 km from Pathanamthitta.The famous Padanilam Parabrahma Temple is situated 26 km from Pathanamthitta.
Maramon Convention is the highest peoples gathering in Asia.
Notable people from Pathanamthitta District
- Mohanlal, actor
- Mahakavi Pandalam Kerala Varma, poet
- M. N. Govindan Nair, politician, former minister and MP
- Pandalam Sudhakaran, former minister
- Kadammanitta Ramakrishnan, poet
- Fathima Beevi, first woman judge to be appointed to the Supreme Court of India
- M. G. Soman, actor
- Meera Jasmine, actress
- Nayantara, actress
- Parvathy Jayaram, actress
- Dr. T. K. Alex, Space scientist awarded Padmashri
- Captain Raju, actor
- Parvathy Omanakuttan, Miss World runner up, Miss India
- Adoor Gopalakrishnan, movie director
- Blessy, movie director
- Thilakan, actor
- Kaviyoor Ponnamma, actress
- Adoor Bhasi, actor
- E. V. Krishna Pillai, writer
- Kadammanitta Vasudevan Pillai, exponent of Padayani
- Adoor Bhavani, actress
- Adoor Pankajam, actress
- Kaveri (actress), actress
- K. K. Nair Ex-MLA
- M. Ranjith, producer
- Mahakavi K. V. Simon, Poet (1883–1944)
DemographicsAs of 2001[update] India census, Pathanamthitta had a population of 12.34 lakh. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Pathanamthitta has an average literacy rate of 93%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 96%, and female literacy is 92.5%. In Pathanamthitta, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. There are five engineering colleges and one medical college in Pathanamthitta District.
ReligionHinduism and Christianity are the main religions followed here. There are certain section who follow other religions also. Various sections of Hindus, Christians and Muslims co-exist harmoniously. Muslims of Pathanamthitta generally are Thulukkar Who are Tamil Muslims.
The temple of Lord Dharmasastha, a world famous forest pilgrim centre, is situated in the Sabarimala part of the western ghats in the Pathanamthitta district, which is hence known as the 'Pilgrim Capital of Kerala'.
The Shivaparvathy temple Anikkattilammakshethram is also in the district.
Vivid populationPathanamthitta still has quite few settlements of aborigines called 'adivasis' deep in the forest area including areas like Thanithoddu, Chittar. The people from the settlements prefer not to be disturbed by the crowd from outside civilizations or lifestyles.
Pathanamthitta is bordered by Idukki district on the east, Kottayam on the north, Kollam and Aalapuzha on west and south again by Kollam. The villages of Pathanamthitta provides great opportunity to develop, eco, cultural, health care, adventure, monsoon tourism.
PoliticsPathanamthitta assembly constituency was part of the Idukki (Lok Sabha constituency) but now Pathanamthitta is a separate Lok Sabha constituency. Pathanamthitta is a part of the Pathanamthitta Legislative assembly, but from the general elections in 2011 onwards Pathanamthitta town will be a part of the Aranmula Legislative assembly.
- Pathanamthitta District
- Main Eastern Highway
- Achankovil River
- Temples of Kerala